Understanding the Basics of the Ohio Good Funds Law

What are Good Funds

For transactions involving residential real estate, settlement agents may disburse only when the funds for the transaction qualify as Good Funds, as defined by Ohio Statute.*

What are acceptable forms of Good Funds under the Ohio Statute?

Effective April 6, 2017, the following are the only form of funds a settlement agent may collect and disburse on in connection with a residential real estate transition:

  1. Wire Transfers
  2. Checks: Personal, Business, Certified, Cashier’s, Official Checks or Money Order. The combined dollar amount of these items cannot exceed $10,000.00Examples:

    ACCEPTABLE – Total dollar amount is $9,979.00 which is less than $10,000.00 Money order for $200.00 and cashier’s check for $801.00

    NOT ACCEPTABLE – Total dollar amount is $10,001.00 which exceeds $10,000.00 limit Certified check for $1,000.05

    NOT ACCEPTABLE – Total dollar amount is $10,000.05 which exceeds $10,000.00 limit Personal check for $858.00

    ACCEPTABLE – Total dollar amount is less than $10,000.00

  3. Automated Clearing House (ACH) Transfers and checks only from the United States, the State of Ohio, or Ohio municipalities.
  4. Checks from a real estate broker’s escrow/trust account

While the Ohio statute defines what is acceptable as Good Funds, following the statutory guidelines will not protect the settlement agent from liability for loss arising from uncollected funds.

Are there any other conditions for Good Funds?

Yes, the funds must be immediately available for withdrawal and disbursement by the agent for the transaction.